“Accidental Death and Disability; The National Disease of Modern Society” published by the National Academy of Sciences, established the foundation for the Emergency Medical Services (EMS) system.
The Highway Safety Act of 1966, required states to have highway safety programs that adhered to performance standards promulgated by the US Secretary of Transportation, including EMS. Considerable resources were allocated to get this project started, including purchasing ambulances.
“Report of a Task Force on Ambulance Services” was published by the National Academy of Sciences – National Resource Council and concluded that ambulance designers must understand the role and responsibility of ambulance providers during treatment and transport.
(Photo Credit: “Report of a Task Force on Ambulance Services” Excerpt. Source: National Academies Library)